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State of the Birds Report

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Successful bird conservation requires giving birds a long-term chance to survive and reproduce. Humans have created numerous threats to birds in addition to the natural challenges that birds constantly face from starvation, predation, and severe weather.

Based on decades of research, conservationists have identified the most important threats to birds, including the greatest threat of all—habitat loss. Addressing these conservation challenges can ensure a safe future for birds and improve the quality of life for people too. Here, we summarize the major challenges affecting bird populations.


The number and scope of severe threats to birds is daunting, but implementing solutions immediately and widely will pay off in benefits to society, the economy, and the health of our environment.

Challenges Index:

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