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State of the Birds Report

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Suggested Citation:

North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, D.C. 16 pages.

Project Lead

Allison Vogt (Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies)


Gustave Axelson (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

Science Team

Kenneth Rosenberg, Chair (Cornell Lab of Ornithology); David Pashley, George Wallace (American Bird Conservancy); Charles Francis (Environment Canada); Dale Humburg, Scott Yaich (Ducks Unlimited); John Alexander (Klamath Bird Observatory); Candan Soykan (National Audubon Society); Tanya Shenk (National Park Service); David Mehlman (The Nature Conservancy); Grant Ballard, Catherine Hickey (Point Blue Conservation Science); Pete Marra (Smithsonian Institution); Brad Andres, Laurel Barnhill, Bob Ford (US Fish and Wildlife Service); Greg Butcher (US Forest Service); John R. Sauer (US Geological Survey); Jocelyn Aycrigg (University of Idaho)

Communications Team

Allison Vogt, Chair (Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies); Robert Johns, Clare Nielsen (American Bird Conservancy); Laura McLean (Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies); Ashley Dayer (Cornell Lab of Ornithology); Brandon Breen (Klamath Bird Observatory); Garrison Frost, Nicolas Gonzalez (National Audubon Society); Kacie Miller (Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory); John Gibbons (Smithsonian Institution); Jennie Duberstein, Alicia King (US Fish and Wildlife Service); Catherine Puckett (US Geological Survey)

Lead Analyst

John R. Sauer (US Geological Survey)

Cover Art

Stef den Ridder, Cornell Lab of Ornithology Bartels Science Illustration Intern

Graphic Design

Joanne Uy Avila (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)


Funds contributed by US Geological Survey


Pat Leonard (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

Peer Reviewers

Paul Schmidt (Ducks Unlimited); Carrol Henderson (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources); David Blockstein (National Council for Science and the Environment); Michael Reed (Tufts University); J. Michael Scott (University of Idaho)

We thank the following people and sources for their contributions to this report: Pete Blancher, Caroline Brouwer, Earl Campbell, Miyoko Chu, Natalia Collier, Bridget Collins, Anne Davidson, Chris Farmer, John Fitzpatrick, Jerome Ford, Holly Friefeld, Cindy Fury, A Feathered River Across the Sky: The Passenger Pigeon’s Flight to Extinction

by Joel Greenberg, Michelle Hester, Steve Hilburger, Chuck Hunter, Scott Johnston, Katie Koch, Shelly Kremer, Megan Laut, Anne Law, Brian Moore, Aaron Nadig, Chris Nytch, Glenn Olson, Arvind Panjabi, Warren Papworth, Mike Parr, Eben Paxton, Hugh Powell, Heather Renner, Debra Reynolds, Viviana Ruiz, Shiloh Schulte, Caleb Spiegel, Stan Temple, Diane Tessaglia-Hymes, Monika Thiele, John Vetter, Pete Warzybock, Jeff Wells, David Wiedenfeld

Specials thanks

to Adam Smith and Paul Smith of Environment Canada for analysis of shorebird trend data.

Thank You to Volunteers:

We thank the thousands of dedicated bird watchers who volunteer their time and expertise to participate in long-term monitoring programs such as the North American Breeding Bird Survey, Christmas Bird Count, and eBird. Without their efforts, we would not have the understanding of bird population status and trends that made this State of the Birds Report possible.

About NABCI and the U.S. State of the Birds Reports


The development of the State of the Birds report is a team effort lead by the North American Bird Conservation Initiative U.S. Committee. The NABCI U.S. Committee is a forum of 23 state and federal government agencies, private conservation organizations, and bird initiatives that work together in partnership so that healthy populations of North American birds are enjoyed and valued for generations to come. Beginning in 2009, NABCI has produced four U.S. State of the Birds reports that focus on key issues such as climate change and public and private lands conservation. This report is the fifth in the series.

Dedicated to the Memory of Russ Greenberg (1953–2013)

Russ Greenberg on Santa Cruz
Island, California, by
Maybellene Gamboa

Russ Greenberg was one of the key scientists in the nascent field of conservation biology who became alarmed by tropical deforestation. In response, he proposed the idea of promoting shade-grown coffee as a bird-friendly product. His ability to integrate science and conservation was especially evident in his research on Neotropical migrants, culminating in 1989 with a landmark paper with Chan Robbins, John Sauer, and Sam Droege indicating precipitous population declines of migratory species. This paper motivated Congress to appropriate funds to establish the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center and helped ignite a massive bird conservation movement resulting in the establishment of Partners in Flight. Russ also initiated important public initiatives, including the Bridging the Americas program to teach schoolchildren about migratory birds and a popular public festival that blossomed into International Migratory Bird Day. Russ will always be remembered as a great champion in migratory bird conservation.



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